RHS Wisley Glasshouse. Photo by Bernard DUPONT. Sun. Photo: idtools.org. Branches don't droop and resist breakage. Photo by Dr. John Dransfield, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew/Palmweb. Palmetum, Townsville, QLD, 21/10/14. Medium indicates a trunk growth of between 30 and 90 cm. (S.C. Barrow. Trees may be sold as male or female. 1998)/Palmweb. It is best used as an accent … Mabu, Mozambique, Africa. 1995-2020. Leaves arcuate, about 2 - 3.5 m long; leaf sheath fibrous, reddish-brown; pseudopetiole rounded abaxially, smooth, often channelled adaxially, to 50 cm long; acanthophylls irregularly arranged, often congested proximally, about 10 - 15 on each side of rachis, 3 - 9 cm long; leaflets regularly arranged distally in one plane of orientation but median and proximal leaflets in fascicles of 3 - 5 and often fanned, about 80 - 130 on each side of rachis, 28 - 45 x 2.2- 3.6 cm; leaflet margin minutely crenulate; lamina concolorous, abaxial surface with white scurfy ramenta in midrib region. It is now frequently encountered in warm region landscapes everywhere. Propagation is by seed or division of … A mature specimen of Senegal date palm can reach 35 feet in height with a 12 to 20-foot-spread and creates a striking tree which casts a light shade. They are susceptible to ganoderma, a fatal fungal disease, especially when the base of the trunk suffers injury or is kept too moist. Photo: Dr. Rolf Kamphausen - westafricanplants.senckenberg.de, Côte d'Ivoire, Lamto. Photo by Kyle Wicomb. Photo by Russell Cumming. Photo by Mmcknight4. Uses: All parts of P. reclinata palms are used for a range of purposes. Elev. Growing next to a small stream. Phoenix reclinata, 23 years old (2006-09-15). SIERRA LEONE. In their habitat in northern South Africa, they tend to have very dark lightly fiberous stems around 5 to 6 inches in diameter and very dark green leaves, and never higher than 20 feet, and in the North, like in Malawi they tend to have stems up to a foot thick and lighter leaves and growing up to 40 feet tall." Leaflets from sucker shoots are harvested for making baskets, hats, brushes, building ties, woven dolls and ornaments. Male or female flowers are borne on separate plants, each on 3 feet of florescence. They produce an edible fruit and palm heart. This durable palm also thrives in large containers and other confined areas in urban landscapes. Photo by Geoff Stein, Balboa Park San Diego, California. Common names: Wild Date Palm, Cape Date Palm, Coffee Palm, Feather Palm, Wild palm. Leaves are pinnate with a prounced sideways curve, growing 2.5 to 4.5 m 7.5 to 14 feet) in length and 75 cm (30") in width. Itchi (Madi), lukindu (Luganda, Lunyoro), musansa (Luganda, Busoga dialect), [Eggeling (1940)]; Wild Date Palm, enkinu (Luamba), emusogot (Ateso), ekingol (Karamojong), lukindu, mukindu (Luganda, Lunyoro, Lutoro), makendu (Lugisu), muyiti (Lugwe), otit (Luo. )]; deli (Fulani), kabba (Hausa), [Mambila Plateau, Hepper 1705 (K!)]. Northern New Zealand. Besides it is exactly as cold hardy as a reclinata (one would expect from a hybrid with CIDP's genes to be hardier than a reclinata) and slower in growth rate than a CIDP. It is cold hardy down to about 22F, and colder temps can sometimes burn it to the ground, only to have suckers come back the following spring. Fruit ovoid-ellipsoid or almost obovoid, ripening yellow to bright orange, 13 - 20 x 7 - 13 mm; mesocarp sweet, scarcely fleshy, about 1 - 2 mm thick. S.C. Barrow, A Monograph of Phoenix L. (Palmae: Coryphoideae). Lower slopes of Mt. Photo by Dr. A. Paton, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew/Palmweb. Can other seed dealers put their hands on their hearts and make the same promise? P. reclinata is a dioecious clustering palm, producing multiple stems from 7.5 to 15 m (22 to 45 feet) in height and 30 cm (12") in width. The fruit, called a date, follows the female flower. P. reclinata produces a large cluster of tall, slender trunks and a dense crown of elegantly arching leaves. Photo by Dr. Alice Aubrey. A more attractive specimen can be obtained by removing many of the suckers and trimming away the lower fronds so that the gracefully curving stems can be enjoyed. Cold Tolerance: Should survive Orlando cold snaps: Light Needs: Much prefers full sun Compared to other palms this date is a relatively fast grower. (Geoff Stein}, This striking palm creates an interesting silhouette with its multiple, gracefully curved, often reclining, slender brown trunks, and dense crowns of stiff but feathery leaf fronds. )]; kihangaga (Urukindu), [Lake Prov., Tanner 5845 (K!)]. Family: Arecaceae, Palmae (Palm family). Whole leaves are used as door entrances and covers, or fans for stoking fires and repelling insects. (floridata.com). Phoenix reclinata (left) and Hyophorbe lagenicaulis (right), Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew/Palmweb. Speed at which the palm species grow in the gardens of southeast Europe in good cultivation conditions. Here in So Cal cold never touches this palm and it is very commonly planted. Photo by Pal Meir. 18 May 2010. mkindu (Swahili), gonyoorriya (Boni), meti (Digo), gedo (Ilwana), makindu (Kikuyu), sosiyot (Kipsigis), othith (Luo), ol-tukai (Maasai), konchor (Orma), itikindu (Sanya), alol (Somali), mhongana (Taveta), kigangatehi (Taita), nakadoki (Turkana), [Beentje (1994)]; mangatche [Kilimanjaro Distr., Greenway 3037 (K!)]. Common Name: KENYA. Stem 10 (12) m, erect or oblique, without leaf sheaths to 20 cm in diam., dull brown, with persistent leaf sheaths 1 - 2 m below crown, otherwise becoming smooth, irregularly marked with oblique internode scars, cracked vertically; injured stem exuding clear yellowish gum. This palm is too large for all but the largest residential landscapes. (edis.ifas.ufl.edu), Phoenix palms have a terrible but well-deserved reputation for infidelity.. Grow them with any other Phoenix species and before you know it, what have you got? phoenix reclinata is an evergreen Tree growing to 6 m (19ft) by 4 m (13ft) at a medium rate. Photo by Dr. Stefaan Dondeyne. White. These palms are native to tropical Africa, Madagascar, and the Comoro Islands, where they are found from sea level to 3000 m, in rain forest clearings, monsoonal forests and rocky mountainsides. This palm is too large for all but the largest residential landscapes. The wild date palm is a relative of the commercial date palm, P. dactylifera which probably originates in North Africa and the Arabian Peninsula. reasoneri Phoenix roebelenii x canariensis Phoenix rupicola Phoenix sylvestris ... Growth rate: moderate Sunlight: full sun Water: low Cold Tolerance: Seed or plant availability: limited For single trunk just prune off shoots. (floridata.com). Leaves Pinnately Compound Odd, Green, No Change, Evergreen. Photo by Kahuroa. If you would like to see this tree listed, or know of a nursery that sells it, please contact us at ufei@calpoly.edu. Foliage is pinnate and recurved, growing 2.5 to 4.5 m in length and 0.75 m in width. Photo by Geoff Stein, P. reclinata x p. silvestris cross. Serengeti National Park, river loop road, near Seronera Lodge, Tanzania. MADAGASCAR. Special thanks to Palmweb.org, Dr. John Dransfield, Dr. Bill Baker & team, for their volumes of information and photos. Like all Phoenix palms, this one hybridizes readily, and many hybirds are growing all over California and Florida. Aia, Basque Country, Spain. Low, Medium, Extra in Summer . Uhl, C.B. Its many trunks grow steadily to a height of 15' to 30' tall. Photo by: Dennis Valdez Dale Motiska Garden, Vacaville, CA. Phoenix reclinata is slow to deroot, requiring a 2 month period to prevent shocking. Leaf color is bright to deep green on 30 cm petioles with long, sharp spines at the base, with 20 to 40 leaves per crown.. Flowers Showy. While able to tolerate some drought, they are not as drought-tolerant as some of their co-generic cousins, including P. canariensis or dactylifera. Belo, Cameroon, March 2014. Photo by Paul Craft. W. Usambara, Tanzania. Photo by Dr. Helen Pickering. Tampa, Fl. Has either male or female reproductive parts (dioecious). (S.C. Barrow. Almost dwarfed. The sap is fermented into an alcoholic beverage and has been recorded as a remedy against urinary infections [Lake Prov., Tanner 5845 (K!)]. 53, No. The Senegal Date palm is salt resistant, it can be used at the beach if set back and somewhat protected. This variation is such that delimitation of infraspecific taxa cannot be upheld by discrete characters. (S.C. Barrow. Phoenix reclinata is a dioecious clumping palm, producing multiple stems from 7.5 to 15 m in height and 30 cm in width. Soil Condition. The plants are unisexual and florets appear at the top of the palm stem. There are about 180 genera and in excess of 2 500 species in these monocotyledonous plants. Staminate inflorescence erect; prophyll green-yellow in bud, strongly 2-keeled, coriaceous, splitting 1 or 2 times between margins, 40 - 60 x 5 - 6 cm; peduncle 10 - 30 x 1.3 cm, not greatly elongating beyond prophyll; rachis 17 - 30 cm; rachillae congestedly arranged in a narrow bush, numerous, 6 - 20 cm long. Plants should receive adequate moisture during periods of drought. Phoenix Reclinata – Senegal Date Palm. Propagation: By seed, and by division of clumps, but by division of clumps is a real chore. Bark Brown, Rough. Photo by Geoff Stein, "base of older palm showing how it mounds up over time- southern California" Photo by Geoff Stein, "Phoenix Reclinata in its habitat in Mvuu Malawai." The information includes maximum height, diameter, growth rate, cold hardiness, crown diameter, growth zone and cost. (Kyle Wicomb), "This palm is one of the more highly sought after specimen palms used in landscaping throughout California, Texas, Arizona, Florida etc... it makes a very tropical looking clump of tall, feather-leaved palms that are somewhat reminiscent of a group of coconut palms (which, unfortunately, don't grow in most of those places). A Monograph of Phoenix L. (Palmae: Coryphoideae). It suckers so profusely that it is constant need of pruning or else you end up with a dense, impenitrable mass of leaves, trunks and spines. Ngare Ndare River, Kenya. Phoenix reclinata is a clumping palm with pinnate leaves that arch gracefully downward. This tree is native to the semi-arid plains of Senegal, a country in the northeastern part of sub-Saharan Africa. Middle-aged Senegal Date Palm. Phoenix reclinata, seedlings almost 1 year old (1984-01-08) – N°84N01-0104. Pronunciation: FEE-nix roo-pih-COE-luh . Daro, taratra, mkindwi (Swahili), [Lamu Distr., Dransfield 4799 (K! A young plant of the Australian banyan-type fig Ficus macrophylla, Moreton Bay Fig, has started life as a precarious epiphyte on a near-horizontal trunk of a clumping Phoenix reclinata palm, in Albert Park, Auckland, New Zealand. The palm is elegant when lit from below at night. & Thonn. Flowers in Spring or Summer. The Senegal date palm readily hybridizes with the many other species of Phoenix that are found in the landscape. These P. reclinata, which we are pleased to offer, were collected from wild stands in South Africa at their southernmost distribution and are guaranteed pure. Phoenix reclinata- the Senegal Date Palm. Photo by Geoff Stein, "A clump that had to be thinned, showing aggressive new growth, southern California." Leaves Pinnately Compound Odd, Green, No Change, Evergreen. Cite this tree: Kew Bulletin, Vol. )]; Luchingu (Fipa), [Mbugwe, Bullock 3074 (K! Pronounciation: FEE-nix re-cli-NA-ta Hardiness zones Sunset 13 (with protection), 23-24 USDA 9 (with protection), 10-11. Slow indicates annual trunk growth of less than 30 cm. Dikindu, makindu (Mbukushu), makerewa, shikerewa (Diriko), [Okavanga, De Winter & Wiss 4800 (K!)]. Photo by tanetahi. Fast means they can grow more than one meter per year. Zambia. That's right, hybrid seeds. Phoenix reclinata. Notations by Research Work Editor Pal Meir. Montgomery Botanical Center, Miami, FL. Gardenality is a gardening-centric site made by gardeners for gardeners with tools that enhance any gardening for the expert to the weekend gardener. Photo by: Hugh Danaher Ed and Janet Noffsinger Garden Santa Cruz, CA. Phoenix is the Greek name for the date palm and reclinata is Latin for bending down, and refers to the arching fronds. They may look the same, feel the same, even taste the same, but they will produce hybrid plants that may possibly have the WORST characteristics of both parents (you know, his hair and her nose?). 2 Quote 20 Apr 2008. Moisture: Drought tolerant. Phoenix reclinata: Senegal Date Palm 4 Growing easily in full sun or partial shade, Senegal Date Palm will thrive on any well-drained soil. Photo by Jeff Nugent, Permaculture Plants. (floridata.com), The Senegal date is inexpensive and easy to find at nurseries and discount stores in the Zones where it is hardy. 3 (1998), pp. (RPS.com). 1998)/Palmweb. Both are borne on 3 ft (0.9 m) branched inflorescences. Zone: 9A-11. Sandy, Loam, Rocky, Unparticular . They, in turn, go on to produce further hybrids, ultimately undoing what nature took millions of years to set up. Water. Sought after for its high ornamental value, the slender stems are covered with brown fiber and tend to curve away from the center of the clump in graceful arcs. The somewhat showy flower stalks, often lost within the thick foliage, are followed by one-inch-long, bright orange dates which are incredibly showy. Senegal Date Palm1 Edward F. Gilman and Dennis G. Watson2 INTRODUCTION ... to purchase due to the slow growth rate. Asmussen-Lange, W.J. Native to Northeastern Africa, Moon Valley Nurseries is proud to offer the finest Senegal Date Palm specimens available anywhere in the Southwest. These can be very attractive, particularly when viewed from a balcony above the tree. Growth Rate: Slow. This species grows edible, oblong fruit, orange in color (when ripe), at 2.5 cm (1") in diameter. South Sinai, Egypt. * No warranties or guarantees as to the accuracy of the data and information derived from this web site are expressed or implied. The Senegal date palm is variable in shape and form but tends to grow as clumps composed of multiple stems reaching 25 ft (7.6m) to 50 ft (15 m) in height. Cap Manambato, Madagascar. Has either male or female reproductive parts (dioecious). Is such that delimitation of infraspecific taxa can not be upheld by discrete characters reproductive (! `` SPECIFICATIONS '' for various popular palm trees foot spread, Conservator ofForests s.n a Date, follows the flower! Last modified 23:20, 7 November 2017 by, CA grow steadily to a height of 15 ' 30! 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