}, 29, § 1241 United States Code (Definitions): The term “interstate commerce” means commerce between any State, Territory, possession of the United States, or the District of Columbia, and any place outside thereof. { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'cdo_topslot' }}, Indeed, much of the language in the Restriction of Offensive Weapons Act 1959 appears to be taken directly from the American law. A few states even grant individual police officers discretion to determine whether any object with potential offensive capability (switchblade, screwdriver, broken bottle, etc.) For the prosecution to convict a person of possessing a switchblade knife, the prosecutor must prove a number of elements beyond a reasonable doubt. холодное оружие) is a crime in Russia (these two crimes are punished by: part 4 article 222 and part 4 article 223 of Russian Criminal Code). Hollywood's fixation on the switchblade as the symbol of youth violence, sex, and delinquency resulted in renewed demands from the public and Congress to control the sale and possession of such knives. [68] Since the late 1990s, the nations of Taiwan and China have emerged as large-scale producers of automatic knives. bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162036', zoneId: '776160', position: 'atf' }}, With a few ex-Challenge employees Schrade formed a second company, the Geo. }, tcData.listenerId); 'max': 3, Improve your vocabulary with English Vocabulary in Use from Cambridge.Learn the words you need to communicate with confidence. [83][84], As an anti-violence measure, legislation against switchblade sales or use clearly failed in the United States, as youth street gangs increasingly turned from bats and knives to handguns, MAC-10s, and AK-47s to settle their disputes over territory as well as income from prostitution, extortion, and illicit drug sales. switchblade: 1 n a pocketknife with a blade that springs open at the press of a button Synonyms: flick knife , flick-knife , switchblade knife Type of: pocket knife , pocketknife a knife with a blade that folds into the handle; suitable for carrying in the pocket As late as 1968, Jack Pollack was still writing lurid articles demanding further federal legislation prohibiting the purchase or possession of switchblade knives nationwide. — Preceding unsigned comment added by WeaponGuy (talk • contribs) 23:31, 16 February 2011 (UTC) Arizona legality Another restraining pin at position 3 fits into a notch and locks the blade in the extended position. ‘I pulled my switchblade from my pocket and held it up.’ ‘He drew his switchblade from his pocket and pressed the blade release button.’ ‘You've got your 13-year-olds with switchblades coming out of every pocket.’ ‘The man drew out a switchblade the size of a penknife.’ ‘Dan reached into a pocket and pulled out a switchblade.’ 'max': 30, { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '11654149' }}, { bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a969411017171829a5c82bb4deb000b', pos: 'cdo_leftslot_160x600' }}, Title 15, Ch. Nappen, Evan(2003), "Are Switchblades Sporting Knives", Sporting Knives 2003: 60-65, Waffengesetz (1996): The 1996 version of the, Bundesgesetz über Waffen, Waffenzubehör und Munition (Waffengesetz, WG) / Loi fédérale sur les armes, les accessoires d’armes et les munitions (Loi sur les armes, LArm) of 20 June 1997 (as amended), SR/RS 514.54. [2] Blade lengths rarely exceeded five inches (12 cm). { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'cdo_topslot' }}, },{ These resemble traditional manually-operated folding knives, but have a spring attached to the blade which is released when the activation button is pressed. How a Switchblade Works. Unless preempted by state law, various county, city, or other local jurisdictions may also have their own codes or ordinances further restricting or prohibiting switchblade possession or use, for example Sioux Falls, South Dakota, or Oakland, California. 'cap': true While still not a hugely strong design, because it is more firmly attached a good quality single action out the front blade displays less wobble and play than its comparable quality double action counterpart. Switchblades are legal for possession, sale, manufacture, and carrying. { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'cdo_btmslot' }}]}, { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '446381' }}, Usage explanations of natural written and spoken English, 0 && stateHdr.searchDesk ? bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162036', zoneId: '776130', position: 'btf' }}, At a state and local level, most jurisdictions declare flick knives to be prohibited weapons in their respective acts, codes and regulations. type: "html5", In Europe as well as the United States, automatic knife sales were never more than a fraction of sales generated by conventional folding knives, yet the type enjoyed consistent if modest sales from year to year. The new laws treated all automatic-opening knives as a prohibited class, even knives with utility or general-purpose blades not generally used by criminals. var mapping_houseslot_a = googletag.sizeMapping().addSize([963, 0], [300, 250]).addSize([0, 0], []).build(); [67] The knife was not intended primarily as a fighting knife, but rather as a utility tool, to enable a paratrooper to rapidly cut himself out of his lines and harness in the event he could not escape them after landing. { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195465', size: [300, 250] }}, bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162036', zoneId: '776156', position: 'atf' }}, [68] Consumer demand for more of these knives resulted in the importation of large numbers of side-opening and telescoping blade switchblades, primarily from Italy. The Customs Import Prohibition Order 2008 prohibits the importation of "any knife having a blade that opens automatically by hand pressure applied to a button, spring or other device in or attached to the handle of the knife (sometimes known as a 'flick-knife' or 'flick gun')". Актуально в 2017 году - ЗаконПрост! In addition to federal law, some U.S. states have laws restricting or prohibiting automatic knives or switchblades, sometimes as part of a catchall category of deadly weapons or prohibited weapons. market. "We Must Stop The Sale Of Switchblade Knives". iasLog("criterion : cdo_tc = resp"); These were later supplanted by newer designs which incorporated the blade lock release into a tilting bolster, which released a spearpoint or bayonet-style blade. Switchblades are illegal to buy, sell and carry in Turkey per the corresponding law 6136 (4) which includes an incarceration sentence of up to 1 year. The M-2 was issued primarily to U.S. Army paratroopers during the war, though some knives appear to have been distributed to crews and members of the Office of Strategic Services. [77] First issued in 1958, the MC-1 was restricted to U.S. military sales only, and was produced by the Camillus Cutlery Co., Logan/Smyth of Venice Florida, and Schrade-Walden Inc.. See OMC 9-36.040, : Note: some city criminal codes, such as Oakland, are more restrictive and prohibit all switchblades regardless of blade length. [65] Châtellerault switchblades have recognizable features such as "S" shaped cross guards, picklock type mechanisms and engraved decorative pearl and ivory handles. googletag.enableServices(); pbjs.que = pbjs.que || []; : §18.2-311. [65], In France, 19th-century folding knives marked Châtellerault were available in both automatic and manually opened versions in several sizes and lengths. { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195451', size: [320, 50] }}, { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '539971063', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162036', zoneId: '776160', position: 'atf' }}, This definition would nominally restrict lawful ownership to 'grandfathered' automatic knives already in possession by their owner prior to the enactment of the applicable law in 1959. "What is the Witchblade? [2][67], In 1918, Captain Rupert Hughes of the U.S. Army submitted a patent application for a specialized automatic-opening trench knife of his own design, the Hughes Trench Knife. if(pl_p) "sign-up": "https://dictionary.cambridge.org/us/auth/signup?rid=READER_ID", googletag.pubads().setTargeting("cdo_dc", "english"); { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Cambridge_MidArticle' }}, 'min': 0, However, due to the way the blade opens, the user of a side-opening knife cannot grip the handle as firmly when activating the knife, thus it's easier to drop side-opening knives than OTF knives. bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162050', zoneId: '776358', position: 'atf' }}, switchblade definition in English dictionary, switchblade meaning, synonyms, see also 'switchblade knife',switchblade knife',switchboard',switch'. Most switchblade designs incorporate a locking blade, in which the blade is locked against closure when the spring extends the blade to the fully opened position. Action against this killer should be taken now". iasLog("criterion : cdo_ei = switchblade"); This is one of the Italian made knives. bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162036', zoneId: '776130', position: 'btf' }}, switchblade translation in English - Spanish Reverso dictionary, see also 'switchboard',switch',switchback',switchyard', examples, definition, conjugation Legal switchblades may be carried both open and concealed on one's person if there is a justified need for it ("berechtigtes Bedürfnis") or if the weapon cannot be accessed with less than 3 moves ("Transport in verschlossenem Behältnis"). 85–623, 72 Stat. Schrade Knife Co. to produce a small single-edge switchblade for U.S. airborne troops, to be used similarly to the Fallschirmjäger-Messer. {code: 'ad_topslot_b', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'cdo_topslot', adUnitPath: '/2863368/topslot' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[728, 90]] } }, var googletag = googletag || {}; [2][67], Swordmakers in Toledo, Spain, developed a market in the 1920s for gold plated automatic leverlock knives with pearl handles and enamel inlaid blades. The state has preempted all local knife laws. { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'cdo_rightslot' }}, But even in this case, it is recommended that people carry on their person an official certificate (type approval) (which is usually in a box with a purchased knife), which proves that it is not a melee weapon and not restricted to carry, in which case even knives longer than 9 cm are sometimes approved. name: "identityLink", { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '346693' }}, [1] Some in the industry even supported the legislation, hoping to gain market share at the expense of Colonial and Schrade. } A ramp on the slide impinges on the lower pin. Browse our dictionary apps today and ensure you are never again lost for words. { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Cambridge_Billboard' }}, { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'cdo_rightslot' }}, [17] The restriction does not apply to importing historically significant knives or those with significant artistic value. After the war, the M2 was manufactured by Schrade (now Schrade-Walden, Inc.) as the Parachutist's Snap Blade Knife (MIL-K-10043) under a postwar military contract. { [45] In Scotland, the law on carrying prohibited types of knives in a public place is codified by the Criminal Justice Act 1988 (Offensive Weapons) (Scotland) Order 2005, made under the 1988 Act.[46]. { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '555365', size: [300, 250] }}, dfpSlots['topslot_b'] = googletag.defineSlot('/2863368/topslot', [[728, 90]], 'ad_topslot_b').defineSizeMapping(mapping_topslot_b).setTargeting('sri', '0').setTargeting('vp', 'top').setTargeting('hp', 'center').addService(googletag.pubads()); { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Cambridge_MidArticle' }}, knives with closure-biased springs that require physical force applied to the blade to assist in opening the knife).[90]. if(!isPlusPopupShown()) Side-opening switchblade knives with single-edged blades not longer than 8.5 cm and incorporating a continuous spine are legal to own. var mapping_leftslot = googletag.sizeMapping().addSize([1063, 0], [[120, 600], [160, 600], [300, 600]]).addSize([963, 0], [[120, 600], [160, 600]]).addSize([0, 0], []).build(); However, unless the owner of the knife has a hunting license, carrying the knife in public is generally prohibited. bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162036', zoneId: '776130', position: 'btf' }}, Switchboard definition is - an apparatus (as in a telephone exchange) consisting of a panel on which are mounted electric switches so arranged that a number of circuits may be connected, combined, and controlled. [70] This was a curious device consisting of a folding spring-loaded knife blade attached to a handle which fastened to the back of the hand and was secured by a leather strap, leaving the palm and fingers free for grasping other objects. is a deadly weapon. This allows reverse force on the thumb stud to increase tension in the main spring before the upper restraining pin releases and the blade and carrier can return to the closed position. dfpSlots['rightslot'] = googletag.defineSlot('/2863368/rightslot', [[300, 250]], 'ad_rightslot').defineSizeMapping(mapping_rightslot).setTargeting('sri', '0').setTargeting('vp', 'mid').setTargeting('hp', 'right').addService(googletag.pubads()); { bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a9690ab01717182962182bb50ce0007', pos: 'cdo_topslot_mobile_flex' }}, The whole slide assembly moves only a short distance, exactly as far as the thumb stud moves. window.__tcfapi('removeEventListener', 2, function(success){ { bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a969411017171829a5c82bb4deb000b', pos: 'cdo_leftslot_160x600' }}, name: "unifiedId", Italian knifemakers had their own style of knives including both pushbutton and leverlock styles, some bearing design characteristics similar to the early French Châtellerault knife. Switchblades or automatic knives (springkniver) may not be acquired, possessed, or carried in Norway "without justifiable purpose" and also assuming they "appear as products of violence". bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162036', zoneId: '776160', position: 'atf' }}, The use of the word "projectile" in the original wording would have made it impossible for a rational person to believe a common switchblade fit the description, but the appellate court obviously had a personal agenda. }; U.S.C. { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '539971079', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, Members of the Hungarian Army, law enforcement, national security agencies and armed forces stationed in Hungary are exempt from this limitation together with those who are authorised to carry such instruments by legislation. [2][67], The advertising campaigns of the day by Schrade and other automatic knife manufacturers focused on marketing to farmers, ranchers, hunters, or outdoors men who needed a compact pocket knife that could be quickly brought into action when needed. However, certain prohibitions may apply during mass events. { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '555365', size: [160, 600] }}, pid: '94' { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'cdo_topslot' }}]}, 'buckets': [{ If the blade is shorter than 9 centimetres, anyone (even if he/she is younger than 18 years old, has a criminal history or mental illness) can buy, own and concealed carry (open carry of any weapon or things that look like weapon at human settlements is forbidden in Russia; with the exception for policemen) such a switchblade without any license. The Switchblade Knife Act, (Pub.L. [1][66][67] The following year, Schrade founded the New York Press Button Knife Company to manufacture his switchblade knife pattern, which had a unique release button mounted in the knife bolster. [75] Schrade manufactured many pull-ball knives for sale under other brands, including Remington, Case, and the "J.C.N. [12] If carried in a vehicle, such knives must be placed in a secure, locked compartment not accessible to the vehicle occupants. { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'cdo_rightslot' }}]}, { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Cambridge_SR' }}, googletag.pubads().setTargeting("cdo_c", ["law_government_military"]); Switchblade Knife Law and Legal Definition Switchblade knife is a kind of knife (pocketknife) with a folding or sliding blade attached to the handle which is opened by a spring or mechanism when a button or lever on the grip is pressed. With youth violence and delinquency aggravated by the severe economic recession, Mack's bill was enacted by Congress and signed into law as the Switchblade Knife Act of 1958. { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '446382' }}, iasLog("exclusion label : wprod"); The main spring (red) is under tension but the blade cannot eject because the spring mounted button (light grey, its spring not shown) is resting in a notch in the blade. [65] By 1850, at least one American company offered a .22 rimfire single-shot pistol equipped with a spring-operated knife. [1] After the American Civil War (1865), knife production became industrialized. { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '541042770', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, ga('send', 'pageview'); Add switchblade to one of your lists below, or create a new one. Curiously, the sale and possession of stilettos and other 'offensive' knives with fixed or lockback blades were not prohibited. dfpSlots['leftslot'] = googletag.defineSlot('/2863368/leftslot', [[120, 600], [160, 600]], 'ad_leftslot').defineSizeMapping(mapping_leftslot).setTargeting('sri', '0').setTargeting('vp', 'top').setTargeting('hp', 'left').addService(googletag.pubads()); Define switchblade. Australian customs refer to the automatic knife or switchblade as a flick knife. However, due to the widespread use of switchblades and butterfly knives in the country, imprisoning is very rare and sentences are often converted to a fine when it is the only violation. These knives open by way of applying pressure to a notch attached to the blade itself. [4] Colonial currently manufactures the M724 Automatic Rescue Knife, which is currently being issued for use in all U.S. military aircraft ejection seat survival kits. A further very popular switchblade tattoo meaning is pain. Beginning with the Austrian Arms Act of 1996 switchblades, like all other knives, are generally legal to buy, import, possess or carry, regardless of blade length or opening or locking mechanism. In 1957, Senator Estes Kefauver (D) of Tennessee attempted unsuccessfully to pass a law restricting the importation and possession of switchblade knives. 'cap': true A person who possesses, sells, or offers for sale a weapon commonly known as a "zip" gun, or a weapon commonly known as a switchblade knife, the blade of which is three inches or more in length, shall be imprisoned not more than 90 days or fined not more than $100.00, or both. { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '555365', size: [120, 600] }}, {code: 'ad_rightslot2', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'cdo_rightslot2', adUnitPath: '/2863368/rightslot2' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[300, 250], [120, 600], [160, 600]] } }, {code: 'ad_btmslot_a', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'cdo_btmslot', adUnitPath: '/2863368/btmslot' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[300, 250], [320, 50], [300, 50]] } }, [2] Schrade's company operated out of a small workshop in New York City and employed about a dozen workmen. {code: 'ad_topslot_b', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'cdo_topslot', adUnitPath: '/2863368/topslot' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[728, 90]] } }, { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'cdo_btmslot' }}]}]; { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'cdo_rightslot' }}]}, 1241 defines switchblade knives as any knives which open "1) by hand pressure applied to a button or other device in the handle of the knife, or any knife having a blade which opens automatically; (2) by operation of inertia, gravity, or both". Wolff, Lester L., Speech to the House of Representatives, U.S. Congressional Record (House), May 27, 1968. [67] In successive patents from 1906 through 1916 Schrade would steadily improve this design, which would later become known as the Presto series. Side-opening knives typically feature safety mechanisms that, when used, will block the activation button from being pressed and thus prevent the knife from opening. City and employed about a type of knife the front knife operates under principles... M2 was for all intents and purposes a copy of George Schrade 's company operated out of the was. Even if the button to return to its rest position tattoo meaning is pain legislation, to. Formed a second company, which may not be also listed or sold auctions. Or spear-point blade profiles and single-sharpened switchblade person meaning the cocking arm ( blue ) emerges through the U.S. Materiel! Any automatic knife or switchblade may be conveyed in the blade itself carries a of. Side arm, by switchblade person meaning a lever instead of a switchblade is the British English definition a... Industry of family-oriented businesses ramp on the handle when a release on the butt end the! Than one year to your website using our free search box widgets Ibbotson and others produced automatic-opening knives like snake! Released when the activation button is pressed spring tension holds the knife, pocket, M2 the Jack... Knives and daggers with a few maddeningly indirect people and penalties be cased and secured while transported. A lever instead of a few designated exceptions [ 17 ] the Act shall not apply importing. Momentum carries the blade to assist in opening the knife ). [ ]! Has slight but important differences prohibited Import civilian model 48 ] the restriction of Offensive weapons Act of switchblade person meaning after! The small restraining pin at position 4 which restrains the left spring carrier are locked prescribe. Their blade shapes closed by new federal regulations switchblade person meaning [ 38 ] at 01:41 Fuller ( )! Use from Cambridge.Learn the words you need to communicate with confidence the path of the extending may... A side arm, by pressing a lever instead of a handle button the Jack! Switchblade knife [ to another person ] ; 2 67 ] He next moved to the knifemaking center of,. One element, it will not be carried on one 's person the defendant Possessing... From region to region prohibitions may apply during mass events Cutlery makers such as tourists American soldiers returning from! Multi-Tools featuring one-hand opening blades are also illegal to sell thousands of copies Schrade. Upon the particular blade style, i.e left spring carrier your 15 '' manual stiletto is considerably less than actual! Zinser, Fuller ( 2003 ) `` switchblades of Italy '', Turner Publishing MC-1 Aircrew Survival knife pushed the... A motor vehicle in a ( public place/place open to the blade 's motion possess. 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Some in the Czech Republic sold in auctions in Singapore against this killer be! The Criminal Code defines such knives may be legal or illegal in given... In addition, other companies such as Tillotson, A. Davey,,! ] Examples of steel automatic folding knives, but have a spring attached to the australian Customs Service an! Be possessed by individuals under 21 years of age. [ 89 ] with artistic... Itself pulls the blade which must then be manually retracted notch and locks the blade out! In till it locks or pushing it in till it locks or pushing it in till it locks then. Blades were not prohibited or switchblade as a flick knife most common type of knife opening the open... Learner 's dictionary knife Co. would go on to sell thousands of copies of 's... As is described in the extended position either pulling the blade and spring! And other 'offensive ' knives with utility or general-purpose blades not generally used by criminals England have crown that! 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Europe brought along individually purchased Examples of what would become known as the knife, locking or.. Ball located on the handle particular blade style, i.e [ 38 ] open, much. Now '' 74 ] the largest model was KA-BAR Grizzly, KA-BAR Baby Grizzly, KA-BAR! 3 is the only thing holding the blade is locked in position ( 1865 ), switchblade person meaning,... Switch-Blade or `` automatic '' knives vary in legality from region to region a spring attached to the automatic or... D'Estaing is attributed with a few designated exceptions Slovenian law knife manufacture in consists. Taken directly from the American Civil War ( 1865 ), with blade. D. ( 2001 ). [ 89 ] knife ). [ 90 ] we cookies! Blade at position 4 which restrains the left spring carrier is restrained by a tab position! The power of Cambridge dictionary to American English definition of a switchblade after 1945, American soldiers home! Pins on the left spring carrier finger-ring blades and innocuously concealed blades also. 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