American Tract Society. Yet Sunday is not the "Christian Sabbath." Let each be fully satisfied in his own mind, Heinrich Meyer's Critical and Exegetical Commentary on the New Testament, Johann Albrecht Bengel's Gnomon of the New Testament, Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible. As this passage indicates, this has been a major problem in the church for centuries. This is the opposite of the situation that Paul pictured in the previous illustration. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jtc/romans-14.html. Let every man be fully persuaded in his own mind - or be guided in such matters by conscientious conviction. That the apostle did not mean to say that it was a matter of indifference whether it should be kept as holy, or devoted to business or amusement, is plain from the following considerations. Part of The Bible Teaching Commentary on the Book of Romans. So Paul stresses that each must be left to make up their own mind. i. Nor are they to attempt to impose them on others as a matter of conscience, or to reproach others because they do not observe them. (3) it is expressly said that those who did not regard the day regarded it as not to God, or to honor God; Romans 14:6. He judges that he should equally do good at all times.— ἰδίῳ νοΐ, in his own mind) his own, not another’s. Nor are they to attempt to impose them on others as a matter of conscience, or to reproach others because they do not observe them. "Vincent's Word Studies in the New Testament". 1897. Each one should be fully convinced in his own mind. In such questions the important thing is not that the decision should be this or that, but that each man should have an intelligent assurance as to his own conduct: it is, indeed, by having to take the responsibility of deciding for oneself, without the constraint of law, that an intelligent Christian conscience is developed. BibliographyAlford, Henry. People's Bible Notes for Romans 14:5. Many Christians of Jewish background had faithfully observed the sabbaths, festivals, and celebrations of the Jewish institutions from childhood, and therefore counted such occasions more holy than others, continuing to mark and observe them even after their acceptance of Christianity, in such a manner "esteeming one day above another." (Witham) --- The apostle here treats only of the subject in hand, viz. On παρά, in the sense of preference, Xen. BibliographyNicoll, William R. "Commentary on Romans 14:5". Let every man be fully persuaded in his own mind. Romans 14 Resources - Multiple Sermons and Commentaries; Romans 14:5-12: Why We Should Not Judge Others - Steven Cole; Romans 14:1 Receiving One Another with Understanding, Part 1 - John MacArthur; Romans 14:1-15:13 Receiving One Another with Understanding, Part 1 - Study Guide (click dropdown menu) - John MacArthur (3) it is expressly said that those who did not regard the day regarded it as not to God, or to honor God; Romans 14:6. Let every man be fully persuaded in his own mind. One man esteemeth one day, &c.— The Apostle having, in the foregoing verse, used the phrase κρινων αλλοτριον οικετην, for judging any one to be or not to be another man's servant,—seems here to continue the use of the word τρινειν in the same signification; that is, for judging a day to be more particularly God's. Let it be noted that the Greek word accurately twice rendered esteemeth expresses in both cases precisely the same state of mind. One man esteemeth one day above another: another esteemeth every day, Let every man be fully persuaded in his own mind. decide (mentally or judicially); by implication, to try, condemn, punish: -avenge, conclude, condemn, damn, decree, determine, esteem, judge, go to (sue at the) law, ordain, call in question, sentence to, think. Romans 14:5-6 Live By One's Conscience trains the individual believer to live by self-control with respect to how he might think of another. One man esteemeth - Greek “judgeth” κρίνει krineiThe word is here properly translated “esteemeth;” compare Acts 13:46; Acts 16:15. Broadman Press 1932,33. 5 One person [] regards one day above another, another regards every day alike.Each person must be fully convinced in his own mind. "The 1599 Geneva Study Bible". One man (the weak) esteems (selects for honour,— κρίνει ἀξίαν τιμῆς) (one) day above (reff.) This document has been generated from XSL (Extensible Stylesheet Language) source with RenderX XEP Formatter, version 3.7.3 Client Academic. Romans 5:6. Each man must come to his own decision about such matters on the basis of what he believes in his heart. You can teach that the guilty party can remarry, as long as you are fully assured in your own mind?". --- And another judgeth every day. “Well, no,” said the fellow. These verses are often used out of context. The word "be fully persuaded" denotes the highest conviction, not a matter of opinion or prejudice, but a matter on which the mind is made up by examination; see Romans 4:21; 2 Timothy 4:5. Finding the new version too difficult to understand? He watches and waits when he cannot see his way; he is ready to move forward when he does; he has a great faith to support him that he is God's for ever, and that God will make the best opinion prevalent both for him and the world. That is the work of the student. The Expositor's Greek Testament. As long as their opinions are the mere echoes of those that rule the household nothing is said, but the moment they differ from them restriction comes in. But if people took the trouble, they could at any time arrive at its root and express that in a definite statement. 1896. Copyright � Broadman Press 1932,33, Renewal 1960. S. A. Brooke, The Fight of Faith, p. 118. 1999-2014. esteemeth = judgeth. Paul’s letter to the *Romans. The Apostle takes for granted that on this subject likewise different Christians held different views. Paul admonishes the saints at Rome to receive the "weak in the faith" and not to sit in judgment of them (verse 1). "Commentary on Romans 14:5". He is not speaking positively [precisely] of the understanding; for these two things are contradictory: you may eat, you may not eat, and therefore cannot at the same time be true; and yet a man, who has determined either on the one or the other, may be fully persuaded (lit. Therefore, whatever we do, we do it to the Lord – because Jesus is our Lord (that He might be Lord of both the dead and the living). Nor does "esteeming every day alike" authorize the Lord's Supper to be observed on just any day. Let each man be fully assured in his own mind ... is an appeal for conscientious conduct on the part of every Christian. 5. Every day alike—The word alike being in italics is of course not in the Greek, and, as supplied by the translators, perverts perhaps the meaning. Rob Bell errs greatly in that the Greek word ‘aionion’ is used 50 times to describe the eternal life of the believer (John 3:15-16, 10:28, Romans 5:21, 6:23) and it is used repeatedly to describe God’s eternal nature (Romans 16:26, 1 Timothy 6:16, Hebrews 9:14). The appointment of those days had a special reference “to the Jews.” They were designed to keep them as a separate people, and to prepare the nation for the “reality,” of which their rites were but the shadow. Since Romans 14:5 is found nestled deep inside a chapter that deals with a dispute about eating meat, it probably refers to days on which meat was eaten or not eaten. 1599-1645. BibliographyCoffman, James Burton. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/geb/romans-14.html. So that the meaning is, "Let him go on in his own way, without impediment:—let every man enjoy his own sentiments freely in these things." Commentary on Romans Rosscup : This is a much-respected 746-pp. Romans 14:5. Compare Col 2:16 Ga 4:10. i. 7. For further considerations on this subject, see my Commentary on Hebrews, p. 198. Should have his own mind. Commentary on Romans 14:1-6 (Read Romans 14:1-6) Differences of opinion prevailed even among the immediate followers of Christ and their disciples. Such we know was the fact in the apostolic church, even among those who agreed in the observance of the first day of the week. Consider his words in his letter to the Magnesians (c. 110 AD), ‘If, therefore, those who were brought up in the ancient order of things have come to the possession of a new hope,no longer observing the Sabbath, but living in the observance of the Lord's Day, on which also our life has sprung up again by Him and by His death --’ (Romans 9:1). 1840-57. Who knows not that the Christian Sabbath has never been neglected or profaned by any design to glorify the Lord Jesus, or to promote his kingdom? 5 One man esteemeth one day above another: another esteemeth every day alike. Another - The converted Gentile esteemeth every day - considers that all time is the Lord's, and that each day should be devoted to the glory of God; and that those festivals are not binding on him. That the Sabbath is of lasting obligation may be reasonably concluded from its institution (see the note on Genesis 2:3;) and from its typical reference. ; and there is no more propriety in supposing that the subject of the Lord's day is introduced here than that he advances principles respecting "baptism" and "the Lord's supper.". Let every man be fully persuaded - That a thing is lawful, before he does it. One man esteemeth one day above another; lit, ‘judges day above day;’ distinguishes one day from another, the reference probably being to the Jewish feasts and fasts. Let every man be fully persuaded in his own mind. ADAM CLARKE'S BIBLE COMMENTARY - ROMANS 14 Romans 13 - Romans 15 >> - HELP - FB - TWITTER - GR VIDEOS - GR FORUMS - GR YOUTUBE . 4. For ὃς μὲν see Romans 14:2. κρίνει ἡμ. παρʼ ἡμ.] And if any man is disposed to plead “this passage” as an excuse for violating the Sabbath, and devoting it to pleasure or gain, let him quote it “just as it is,” that is, let “him neglect the Sabbath from a conscientious desire to honor Jesus Christ.” Unless this is his motive, the passage cannot avail him. 11; Isocr. "The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire Bible". BibliographyTrapp, John. 5 One person esteems one day as better than another, while another esteems all days alike. Ver. Compelled assent to any doctrine, or conformity to outward observances … This refers to the Jewish feast and fast days still observed by the weak in faith. One man esteemeth one day above another: another esteemeth every day alike. Nor are they to attempt to impose them on others as a matter of conscience, or to reproach others because they do not observe them. The word originally has the idea of “separating,” and then “discerning,” in the act of judging. b. In Romans 14 the apostle Paul is dealing with matters of Christian conscience and personal convictions, especially as they relate to the relationships of the strong and the weak. Chapter 9. The passage means that he regards "every day" as consecrated to the Lord; Romans 14:6. 1. "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". "Commentary on Romans 14:5". This direction pertains to the subject under discussion, and not to any other. A second instance is given—scruples as to the observance of days. If he wants to honor a certain day, let him do as his conscience requires. They do not understand the delivering character of truth. BibliographyPett, Peter. [5] R. C. Bell, Studies in Romans (Austin, Texas: Firm Foundation Publishing House, 1957), p. 161. Now the apostle advises, that neither the one nor the other, neither he that regardeth, nor he that regardeth not those days, should be judged, or hardly censured for so doing, because he acts therein according to the direction of his conscience. 46. For Paul’s purpose was none other than to restrain undue liberty, by which it happens, that many thrust themselves, as it were, at random, into matters which are doubtful and undetermined. Words in boxes are from the Bible. "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible". References: Romans 14:5.—T. 1851. — Here what had been said respecting meats is equally applied to the observance of certain days. "Commentary on Romans 14:5". And men have always felt this and every struggle for liberty of thought becomes a religious one, and ought to be considered as such. The principle which the apostle enforces in reference to this case, is the same as that which he enjoined in relation to the other, viz., that one man should not be forced to act according to another man's conscience, but every one should be satisfied in his own mind, and be careful not to do what he thought wrong. "Schaff's Popular Commentary on the New Testament". Romans 14:5–6. The Jewish church living in Jerusalem and Judea would certainly not want to be seen as Sabbath breakers and would thus continue to observe the Sabbath. It does not refer to subjects that were “morally” wrong, but to ceremonial observances. 6 He who observes the day, observes it for the Lord, and he who eats, [] does so for the Lord, for he gives thanks to God; and he who eats not, for the Lord he does not eat, and gives thanks to God. on Romans 12:3. πληροφορείσθω, be assured. A man consulted a doctor. 1835. THE CONTEXT. I recently became an Adventist, and some friends have been quoting Romans 14 to me to demonstrate that our health message isn't biblical and that the observance of the seventh-day Sabbath isn't required of Christians. Cf. One man esteemeth one day above another: another esteemeth every day alike. Though hampered by lack of any outline to relate things, the work has much gold if one has time … The reply commonly furnished to these considerations, viz. p. 153 ff.) (1-2) Receiving the weaker brother. Let the heart be filled with a sincere desire to “honor the Lord Jesus,” and the Christian Sabbath will be reverenced, and devoted to the purposes of piety. A Living Sacrifice. Another esteems every day. 3 Let not him that eateth despise him that eateth not; and let not him which eateth not judge him that eateth: for God hath received him. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/ges/romans-14.html. Outwardly, it must always be in a condition of weaving and unweaving, of ebb and flow, of birth and death. BibliographyAbbott, John S. C. & Abbott, Jacob. ἕκαστος κ. τ. This direction pertains to the subject under discussion, and not to any other. (2) the “Lord‘s day” was doubtless observed by “all” Christians, whether converted from Jews or Gentiles; see 1 Corinthians 16:2; Acts 20:7; Revelation 1:10; compare the notes at John 20:26. The point is to identify the standards, focus on your responsibility and encourage others. Chapter 16. There is no intrinsic value to the day itself, only the honor which the Christian gives it. κρίνει ἡμέραν παρ ̓ ἡμέραν ( εἶναι), judges one day (to be) before another, (i.e., better,) κρίνει πᾶσαν ἡμέραν ( εἶναι ἡμέραν), to be a day, and nothing more. II. Lit., judgeth every day; subjects every day to moral scrutiny. To report dead links, typos, or html errors or suggestions about making these resources more useful use our convenient, One man esteemeth one day above another -, krineiThe word is here properly translated “esteemeth;” compare, Haldane's Exposition on the Epistle to the Romans. (1-2) Receiving the weaker brother. That is not, however, to deny that others may also have observed other days as religiously special or as ‘unlucky’. Wherefore, also, we keep the eighth day with joyfulness, the day also on which Jesus rose again from the dead. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/hmc/romans-14.html. The only inquiry was, whether it was proper to add to that the observance of the Jewish Sabbaths, and days of festivals and fasts. This is a very important question in regard to the Lord‘s day. If any object and say, that infirmity is ever perplexing, and that hence such certainty as Paul requires cannot exist in the weak: to this the plain answer is, — That such are to be pardoned, if they keep themselves within their own limits. St. John Chrysostom observes that St. Paul did not wish the weak to be left to their own judgment in this, as in a point of no consequence; but that they should wait for a time. One man (ος μεν — hos men), another (ος δε — hos de). Indeed, he will be made to stand, for God is able to make him stand. Let every man ... - That is, subjects of this kind are not to be pressed as matters of conscience. 4 Who are you to judge another’s servant? Copyright StatementThese files are public domain and are a derivative of an electronic edition that is available on the Christian Classics Ethereal Library Website. Every man is to examine them for himself, and act accordingly. 1700-1703. It is without grounds that some would pretend from hence, that Christians cannot be bound to fast, or abstain from flesh on certain days. "The Bible Study New Testament". (Romans 14:5-6) Not only were some weak converts afraid of eating meat offered to idols, but others customarily abstained from a particular food—they practiced a kind of fast—on certain days, much as devout Catholics abstain from meat on Friday. 14:5 One man esteemeth one day above another. "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged". "Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible". The point is that he observes the day. We add here alike, and make the text say what I am sure was never intended, viz. Attend a Congregation. And if any man is disposed to plead “this passage” as an excuse for violating the Sabbath, and devoting it to pleasure or gain, let him quote it “just as it is,” that is, let “him neglect the Sabbath from a conscientious desire to honor Jesus Christ.” Unless this is his motive, the passage cannot avail him. "—remain his friends, trusted, believed in, communicated with. "Family Bible New Testament". Agam. Many of the believing Jews could not be taken off from solemnizing those feasts which were of God's own founding and instituting among the Jews. Arnold, Sermons, vol. “To observe the day” might in itself mean to observe it by fasting—this would be the case if one’s ordinary custom were to use flesh and wine; or it might mean to observe it by feasting—this would be the case if one ordinarily abstained. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/acc/romans-14.html. And the only way to avoid it is always to press the gaze of our consciences towards God and God's will rather than towards ourselves. For it is of believers only he is speaking. In this particular case we'll concentrate on what the passage does not say, then we will make a suggestion about what Paul is dealing with in Romans 14. For πληροφορείσθω cf. He owes to them the greatest gift one man can owe to another, independence of mind, and at the root of life a noble, religious faith—faith that God has chosen him to be a living individual person, and that He will make him perfect in the end. Thinking that a thing is right cannot make it so; but thinking that a thing is wrong can indeed make it so for him who thus thinks. Chapter 10. Commentary Critical and Explanatory - Unabridged, Kretzmann's Popular Commentary of the Bible, Lange's Commentary on the Holy Scriptures. "The Adam Clarke Commentary". 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